Conferences : Democratisation of the Middle East : Presentation English


Aso Agace (EN- DE- FR- KU)
M. Ali Aslan (EN- TR)
Andreas Buro
Lili Charoeva (Français)
Mirella Galletti
Lotta Hedström
Keya Izol
Ilhan Kizilhan
Nina Larsson
Akil MARCEAU (Français)
Kendal Nezan (FR- EN)
André Poupart (FR- EN)
Khaled Salih
Pierre SERNE (Français)
Mozaffar Shafeie
Harry Schute (كوردي)
Ephrem Isa Yousef (Français)
Eva Weil (Français)
Section PRESSE
Nina Larsson tillbaka från Irak
Lotta Hedström
Nina Larsson är på väg till Kurdistan

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I  N  T  E  R  N  A  T  I  O  N  A L    C  O   N  F  E  R  E  N  C  E
Democratisation of the Middle East
Problems & Perspectives

19-20 November 2005
Organized by : Kurdish Institute of Paris in partnership with Kurdistan Minister of Culture
Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government, Erbil - Kurdistan

sponsored by the French Ministry of Foreign Afffairs

Democratisation of the Middle East
Problems and Perspectives

Erbil, 19-20 November 2005

Rather then being a rigidly defined academic workshop, the Irbil Conference on « Democracy in the Middle East: Problems and Perspectives » attempts to gather together Iraqi and international scholars and intellectuals and offer them the possibility of expressing fears, but also hopes and, exchanging views. While leaving the freedom of the choice of the topic to each speaker, it wishes to draw their attention to the following issues:

1° the state of art: new theories and reflection in Europe, the United States and the Middle East on democracy, civil society, human rights, minority rights, redefinitions of religion and secularism in modern societies, as well the issue of legitimisation of political, social, ethnic and sectarian conflicts in contemporary democracies.

2° Elections and democracies: electoral experiences in the Middle East. Do elections provide protection for political, ethnic and sectarian minorities in the Middle East? Are elections a sufficient criterion to insure a democratic system? Is a social contract, based both on political representation and different forms of legalisation of sectarian representations, possible?

3° The issue of democracy in Iraq: Analysis of the January 2005 elections and prospective for the December 2005 elections. What is the link between political and sectarian representation, “democracy-building”, redefining the State and its plurality, and constitutional monitoring. Is democracy possible under the condition of extreme violence? Can a democracy be build under foreign occupation?

4° The Kurdish experience: Oppressed minorities, nationalism and democracy. What is the distinction between democracy and internal pacification and new modes of political representation? Can the strengthening of a civil society and free institutions (written press, media, universities, professional organisations) become a means of achieving a participative democracy?

5° Western democracies and the Middle East: what role can the Western, particularly European, countries play in the democratisation of the Middle East?